Philosophy: What is man? All comments are moderated and must be civil, concise, and constructive to the conversation. The theological view of man explains his origin in a way opposite that of the scientific view of man–which considers that man evolved by accident,  as a kind of sophisticated ape. The way of the description of the human person by Spinoza is a little bit complex to understand as he was a radical philosopher. Rene Descartes (1596 – 1659) – Descartes is probably the most famous exponent of the dualist view—human nature is composed of a material body and an immaterial mind/soul. According to him, the internal changes become the reason for the external changes in the body of the human person. For instance according to him, there are things that have no dependency over the other objects and they work by their own and are created by their own, but on the other side, there are things that have been created by a creator and have dependency over the other object to function properly. So nature is not only what we are, but the source of what we can do. According to encyclopedias human beings are defined as organisms having human attributes which are the representatives of the sympathies of human nature. This was a very good essay. For St Thomas human beings are given the gift of reason by God and it is a very good thing. If ‘human’ means ‘my own natural kind,’ then referring to a being as human boils down to the assertion that the other is a member of the natural kind that the speaker believes herself to be. In Hinduism and Buddhism human nature is partly understood from the perspective of the self as part of all that is, and given the task of becoming the non-self. Its perception gets limited to only it, itself, and when it does not perceive the other things the issues rises (p. 16). The explanation of the human beings by Descartes has been more tended towards a number of things that have been mentioned. According to Spinoza, it is only the mind that is in existence, and there is the nothing else that can found in the human beings. PERSON (IN PHILOSOPHY) A term derived from the Latin persona, traceable to the Greek π ρ ό σ ω π ο ν, and originally used to denote the mask worn by an actor.From this it was applied to the role he assumed; and finally, to any character on the stage of life, i.e., to any individual. Descartes did not attempt to use the human soul to describe the model in the world that is physical, but he might consider the human mind an appropriate part of the body in this regard. The thing that has no only to create it or to make it operational is really an important one to know about. He also called this information the knowledge that is contained in the mind. He added that no matter the soul leaves out all the thoughts and the ideas that it was having, it is still the same soul. It is also “men” in general, the human race taken as a unit. They are not found in the systematic order, rather the amalgamation of the previous and the latest events that affect the human mind. Let us define the person as a being possessed of consciousness, self-awareness, an intellect, and a will. Furthermore, his views were related to the control of the emotions from the side of the humans so that everything could go as per planned. There might be certain strengths and the weaknesses that are found in the work completed by the philosophers. Realize the value of Doing philosophy in obtaining a broad perspective in life 4. Platos Philosophy of the Human Person: According to Plato, man is body and soul. The types of the government have also been identified by the philosopher to make everything clear from every perspective of the society. The Pythagoreans are the true pioneers of the paradigm of man as body and soul. The term ‘person’ refers to a being that consists of life and a soul, and has the capability of conscious thought, i.e. The theological view considers the substance, origin, and end of the human person. Revelation, followed by infused understanding, gifted to a soul prepared by the cultivated habits of moral and intellectual virtue is considered mythic superstition by the modern teacher. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In fact, the survival of Western Civilization depends upon it. He basically creates similarity between the soul and the pure substance. He has categorized the people from the perspective of the functions that their minds do for them. This may be attributed to the fact that it is in the presence of language that we exhibit our nature and serve our purpose and consequently, become humans. His views regarding the humans and God are considered to be the most naturalistic ones. As John Henry Cardinal Newman would recommend to us, we ought to “rebuild the Jewish Temple and to plant anew the groves of Academus.” This is to say that we ought to see man in his supernatural glory by the fountainhead of theological truth in Jerusalem and to embrace the heights of natural man emanating from the fountainhead of philosophical truth in Athens. Will you help us remain a refreshing oasis in the increasingly contentious arena of modern discourse? One of the interesting things to consider in the study of Spinoza is that he denies what was said by Descartes that the whole of the human being is the combination of the human mind and the human body. He is showing the bad intentions of a man for the other living in the same or different societies. For instance, he explored that the human mind think differently, and the ones which is not having that much knowledge or does not believe over the afterlife is nothing but just a waste. Defining the human being from the mind’s perspective has also helped others to determine the level of the involvement of mind in the acts that the person performs in their daily lives. They have no power at all just like the existing substances to be in existence. According to him, there should be believe over the afterlife, and human beings have to spend that life too. The human mind is the collection of the ideas, perception, and the other imaginary things that changes according to the things or the events that happen in the surrounding environment. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is not the only the case with the people living in the developing countries, but also it is the matter of the people living in the developed countries, who are to deal with various sorts of issues.